Goals of a Play Therapy Group for Moms

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Our Creative Mothers Group has enjoyed two sessions of internal and relational processes, and the experience has deepened our understandings of the potential for healing, which is also described by Christine Caldwell, Ph.D., LPC, BC-DMT in her article Adult Group Play Therapy: Passion and Purpose.

“One of the features of adult group play is that it can provide social resourcing for its members. Members of an adult play therapy group effectively become playmates for each other, a recapitulation of a developmental need that can counteract the social isolation so common in adults who seek therapy. Altruism and helping behavior also increase when we feel bonded to people, which not only provides for the health of a society but also helps people feel good about themselves”(Caldwell, 2003).

My friend Tobin Quereau also writes about the potential of healing for adults through play. He and his colleague Tom Zimmerman identified blocks that adults encounter in attempting play. These include: fear of loss of control; fear of looking foolish; fear of failure; acting your age; and finally, the sense of “I don’t have time”.  As counselors, they interpret these blocks largely as the effects of growing up too soon and carrying the role of the “superchild”, one of over-responsibility at a young age. It follows that the group process could hold the potential for adults to explore their feelings of resistance to play, to face the choices that they have made (to play or not to play) and to begin to make choices that value play (Quereau & Zimmerman, 1992).

“One of the other features of adult play behavior is its capacity to facilitate embodiment. Embodiment locates us in our bodies, in the present moment. We generate and attend to sensation, and we move in ways that both nurture and challenge lungs, muscles, and bones. Our bodies in turn generate endorphins and dopamine, our internal pleasure-inducing neurotransmitters. We experience a deep immersion in the present moment, a sense of focus that feels both intense and effortless. “(Caldwell, 2003).

I was happy to run across Caldwell’s article today, which so eloquently describes the purpose of adult play in group therapy.  Below I list the goals for the current therapy group, Creative Mothers.  We are still accepting new members to the closed group.  Please contact me directly at therapist@mamababy.com or info@illysafoster.com to learn more about the group.

Goals of Group Therapy:

By engaging in play, imagination and creativity, mothers will:

  • build more resiliency to the challenges of day-to-day life
  • improve their mood
  • connect in more rewarding a playful manner with their children
  • experience the joy inherent to being a human being
  • heal trauma in the body and psyche
  • foster “mindsight “and healthy attachments with their children

Target Population for Clients:

  • currently in individual therapy or have been in therapy in the recent past
  • desire to engage with their creativity
  • open to a movement-based therapeutic model
  • a mother with at least one child over the age of 12 months

How to evoke the imagination of adults who are starved for it:

  • First, start with a game, word, or phrase to uncork their creativity.
  • Take them out of their fear (sympathetic nervous system) state through relaxation (parasympathetic nervous system).
  • Focus on process rather than product (Quereau & Zimmerman, 1992).
  • Create a sense of challenge (Quereau & Zimmerman, 1992).
  • Promote freedom (Quereau & Zimmerman, 1992).
  • Expose them to beauty (create a sense of timelessness).
  • Give them toys with which to play (promote FLOW).

How to access play through dance:

  • Provide a fantasy structure that allows for ample client-directed exploration.
  • Ignite a freedom of spirit-with humor and curiosity.
  • Give permission to indulge while avoiding evaluation.
  • Keep the focus on the experiential components.
  • Choose music that evokes the imagination, free of media-associations.
  • Keep participation voluntary (Quereau & Zimmerman, 1992)

References:

Caldwell, C. (2003).   Play Therapy with Adults, ed. Charles Schaefer, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ

Quereau, T & Zimmerman, T. (1992). The New Game Plan for Recovery. Ballantine Books: New York, NY.

Ritual Rhythm and Relaxation in Creative Mothers Group

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Relaxation, rhythm and ritual (the 3 R’s) was first identified by Penny Simpkin, a physical therapist, doula, author and childbirth educator who describes these qualities in relation natural childbirth. Birthing women benefit from relaxation while in labor, which engages the parasympathetic nervous system and diminishes sensations of pain while promoting a cognitive state of ‘surrender’. Rhythm is utilized in labor to facilitate structure.  It requires adjustment as the stages of labor progress in order to meet the demands of the system homeostasis as pain and related need for pain-tolerance increase. Finally, ritual, gives the mother a sense of meaning to the “mad” state that labor can produce. Rituals remind the deeper consciousness that there is meaning to the process of birth.

The application the 3 R’s to a psychotherapy group for mothers is appropriate because mothers of young children are typically body-centered. The day-to-day work of caring for their infant or young child has kept them in contact with bodily demands. Yet, these demands are typically of the ‘other’, the small infant. Mothers in therapy can benefit from the safety provided by the 3R’s to begin exploring their own bodily needs in a compassionate manner. Here is my template for the 3R’s in this group:

We start with a sitting/ gentle movement meditation to calm and engage the group. This important first step engages the parasympathetic nervous system through relaxation. Following relaxation, a brief check-in provides a transition for entering the group experience.  This ritual can bring the group together through attunement.  The circle feels sacred, and the elements of structure and safety provide additional ritualistic-feel to the souls. Once centering and empathic attunement is established, I  provide an experiential focus from a theme that emerges from the group’s needs and interests. Then, I assist with its expression by use of creative imagery and developmental movement patterns, mirroring and witnessing. With sensitive leadership, the group process provides opportunities to extend the improvisation, promoting an indulging attitude toward play.  This extension may involve another form of creative expression, such as art or journaling so that the women in circle begin to come back to their own inner experiences of the experiential and process individually.  When it is time to close the experiential and inward process, we hold a reflection circle.  This closure provides ample opportunities for the group members to share and witness for one another, building group cohesion and deepening the group process.

Imagination in Group Therapy

Perhaps imagination is only intelligence having fun. ~George Scialabba

My utilization of creativity in group therapy is to entice the imaginations of clients to explore the mystery for the endeavor in itself, in addition to harvesting its potential for healing, especially when play is the primary focus. While upholding the premise that creativity is a confluence of various human qualities and conditions, as a group leader, my role is to maximize the potential for creativity to blossom in each member, encouraging exploration of one’s unique capacities in an environment that is fecund with acceptance for the person and nurturing of the imagination. As the group develops trust, openness and empathy, allowing time for processing at the end of play sessions will be a key factor in building cohesion. Once the group itself becomes that vehicle for dynamic play, I sensitively extend more power to the group and allow the sparks of creative energy to grow while fanning their flame within a safe play space.

Creative Mothers is a new therapy group meeting once a week for 12 weeks at Soma Vida in Central East Austin on Thursdays from 6:30-8:30 beginning in Feb.
For more information, please contact Illysa at therapist@mamababytherapy.com or 512.809.3132.  Read more about Creative Mothers here and learn more about the therapist at mamababytherapy.com.EPSON014

Creative Mothers Group Now Forming

dointhegoddessdance1A new psychotherapy group for mothers with children over 1 year is forming in central Austin under the leadership of Illysa Foster, M.Ed, LPA, CPM.  Illysa currently has two therapy groups for mothers in north and south Austin.  This group is unique in its focus on creative expression and imagination as a vehicle for healing and personal growth for mothers who are psychologically returning to their own development after the early year(s) of parenting.  Illysa can be contacted at 512.809.3132 or therapist@mamababytherapy.com

Creative Mothers Group will meet:

Thursdays beginning Feb. 5th from 6:30-8:30pm at the Garden Studio in Soma Vida 1210 Rosewood Ave. Austin 78702

More information about the philosophy and purpose of the group follows:

Creative people are curious, flexible, persistent, and independent with a tremendous spirit of adventure and a love of play. ~Henri Matisse

“Creative Mothers” attempts to repair the nervous system that has been stretched and deprived of freedom during early parenting. Stuart Brown, a renowned psychiatrist, professor and play researcher, argues adamantly for the hope in play for reviving joy, “once people understand what play does for them, they can learn to bring a sense of excitement and adventure back into their lives, make work an extension of their play lives, and engage fully in the world” (2009, p. 11). Neuroscientists have found that play stimulates nerve growth in the amygdala and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and cerebellum, effectively assisting in “whole brain” growth, facilitating greater capacities for connections between the brain stem, limbic system and the cortex. Daniel Siegel and Mary Hartzell differentiate between integrative functioning and non-integrative processing, arguing that parents who heal past traumas and build new neural connections between higher and lower brain functioning are better equipped to support healthy attachments with their children (Siegal & Hartzell , 2003). In Play: How it Shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination and Invigorates the Soul, Brown makes a case for play as a mediator of mood. Play deficits lead to anhedonia and mood disruption. Further, play provides adults with greater cognitive reasoning, abilities to see beyond the perceived environmental limitations and effectively problem-solve. The rebound effect from play is observed with animals.  Much like catching up on sleep, mammals demonstrate a biological drive to play and to catch-up on missed play. After nine months of pregnancy followed by a year of sleep-deprivation and intensive childcare, mothers are vulnerable for depression, anxiety, physical ailments, illness, endocrine imbalance and adrenal fatigue (Northrup, 2006). A playgroup for mothers will provide a rich environment for therapy clients to heal after early parenting challenges and reclaim themselves as creative individuals who are capable parents.

To learn more about Creative Mothers therapy group, please contact Illysa at 512. 809.3132 or therapist@mamababytherapy.com.  For more information about Illysa, please visit mamababytherapy.com

References

Brown, S. (2009). Play: How it shapes the brain, opens the imagination and invigorates the soul. Avery: New York, NY.

Northrup, C. (2006). Women’s Bodies, Women’s Wisdom. Bantam Dell: New York, NY.

Quereau, T & Zimmerman, T. (1992). The New Game Plan for Recovery. Ballantine Books: New York, NY.

Seigel, D. & Hartzell, M. (2003). Parenting from the Inside Out. Tarcher/Penguin: New York, NY.

Simkin, P. Relaxation, Rhythm and Ritual: The Three R’s of Childbirth, DVD (date and publication information not available).

Sternberg, R.J. (2006). The Nature of Creativity, Creativity Research Journal, 18:1, 87-98, DOI: 10.1207/s15326934crj1801_10